Recently Diagnosed

General Introduction About Sight Loss

Sight loss can affect anyone, and its implications can have an impact on all aspects of life.

Vision impairment occurs when an eye condition affects the visual system and one or more of its vision functions. This has serious consequences for an individual but many of these consequences can be mitigated by timely access to quality eye care and rehabilitation.

If you, or someone you know, has recently been diagnosed with sight loss, our website can assist you with information regarding different eye conditions, strategies and resources for improving quality of life while living with sight loss, and the facility to refer yourself or someone you know into our services.

A woman on the left who is wearing glasses and a grey cardigan is leaning in and looking at a booklet which is being shown to her by a blonde woman who is wearing a colourful scarf.


Here’s a list of some terminology commonly used.

  • Referral: the act of directing someone to a different place or person for information, help or action. At Vision Ireland we often get referrals from health professionals, GPs, eye care professionals, family members or the person can refer themselves to the service.
  • Visual Acuity: a simple, non-invasive measure of the visual system’s ability to discriminate two high contrast points in space.
  • Intervention: the action of becoming intentionally involved in a situation in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse.

More terminologies here

An Vision Ireland community resource worker working with a service user with the help of a vision chart

Referral – The Vision Ireland Adult Services Series

Vision Ireland’s Adult Services Series is a collection of three short videos which explain the entire process for healthcare professionals to refer their patients to Vision Ireland. The series covers how to refer a person, the assessments that take place once a person is referred to Vision Ireland, the services available from Vision Ireland and more.

Watch The Vision Ireland Adult Services Series Videos

Categories of Vision Loss

When you are referred to Vision Ireland you will complete a functional vision assessment with one of our Community Resource Workers (CRW) to assess level of residual vision.

During this assessment your visual acuity will be measured using a vision chart at a fixed distance, which will classify your vision loss and allow your CRW to identify potential areas for intervention.

Graphic: Mild visul impairment > Moderate impairment > severe visual impairment > blindness


World Report on Vision


Doctor holding a Snellen chart

Types of Vision Loss

Vision loss can take multiple forms affecting different parts of the eye and how you see the world.

Read more on types of vision loss

Understanding Your Diagnosis and Emotional Support

Being newly diagnosed with sight loss can be a difficult and emotional time for a person. At Vision Ireland we want to support people with sight loss from diagnosis onwards, by educating the person on their eye condition, and providing assessment and interventions through our services.

Vision Ireland can assist a person with sight loss to process a recent diagnosis through our counselling services.

Telephone Counselling

This service allows you to speak to a professional counsellor or a peer counsellor (someone who also has sight loss themselves) over the phone from the comfort of your own home.

Through this service, we can address issues such as your reaction to your diagnosis, fears you may have if your sight is deteriorating, the future, change in your sense of identity, relationship difficulties and employment issues. Our counsellor will work with you, offering a supportive and non-judgemental environment in which to explore these issues.

For existing service users, please contact your community resource worker to discuss a referral.

If you are not registered with Vision Ireland please make a self-referral by clicking on the button below or by calling 1800 911 250.

Vision Ireland’s counselling and emotional supports



ECLO – Eye Clinic Liaison Officer

On visiting your eye clinic or ophthalmologist you may be introduced to one of our ECLO staff.

The Eye Clinic Liaison Officer service provides practical and emotional support to both patients and their families to meet their needs and empower independence from the point of diagnosis. The ECLO works closely with clinical teams and acts as a bridge between acute and community-based support services.

The ECLO service is currently available in the following Dublin hospitals: Mater University Hospital, Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, CHI at Temple Street and Crumlin Children’s Hospital as well as Cork University Hospital, Cork.


Read more about ECLO

Insights into an Unsighted world

Insights into an Unsighted World – Audiobook

Insights into an Unsighted World is a highly useful publication written in an informative, warm and engaging manner. Robert Thompson has included several important pointers and tips for the sighted community, which will surely help to create awareness about the potential difficulties people with sight loss may face when out and about.
Listen the audio book